Machu Picchu is an Incan city surrounded by temples, terraces and water channels, built on a mountaintop. It was built with huge blocks of stone joined to each other without any mortar. Today it has been designated cultural heritage of humanity in recognition of its political, religious and administrative importance during the age of the Incas.
1. General Information
*Machu Picchu means Old Mountain, taking its name from the location of the Incan citadel.
*According to historians, the architectural complex was built in the 15th century, approximately, by the Inca Pachacutec.
*Its exact location is in the Machu Picchu district, province of Urubamba, 70 miles northeast of the city of Cusco.
*Machu Picchu was linked to the entire Inca Empire via the Qhapaq Ñan, the famous roads of the Incas.
*Temperature range from a low of 43º F to a high of 70º F.
*The citadel is divided into two areas: the agricultural area consisting of the terraces, and the urban section, which served administrative purposes.
*The average altitude of the citadel is 8047 feet above sea level.
*The mountains of Wayna Picchu and Machu Picchu are perfect for taking panoramic photos of the entire architectural complex.
No entrance tickets for any of the hikes are sold at the access checkpoint. Visitors cannot enter the Huayna Picchu zone without the correct ticket. The maximum capacity of visitors is 400 per day, divided into two groups of 200 people according the times indicated.
Remember to buy your ticket on-line in advance of your visit at machupicchu.gob.pe with Visa, Mastercard or with a Banco de la Nación Multired card. If you are in Peru, you can pay for your ticket at any cashier window in a Banco de la Nación around the country.
Follow these steps to purchase the Machu Picchu e-ticket:
Make your reservation through the website: www.machupicchu.gob.pe, providing the date of the visit, personal details, and the route to visit. (Remember that the reservation is valid for 3 hours).After making the reservation you can pay the amount due online using a VISA credit card that uses the Verified by Visa security system or in one of the authorized offices.Once payment is made you must return to the website www.machupicchu.gob.pe and go to the Check In tab, where you should enter the reservation code in order to be able to print the entrance ticket to Machu Picchu according to the method chosen.
Opening times Entrance
First group: from 06:00 to 12:00 hrs.
Second group: from 12:00 to 17:30 hrs.
Maximum capacity of visitors per day: 2,500